Business Analyst vs Project Manager
Many question me whether the roles of a business analyst and that of the project manager are one and the same or not. The distinction between the project manager and a business analyst is far fetched between each of them and each of these roles are very distinct and different from one another. Although in companies where the scope and budget are limited as well as the resources that fulfill or supplement these roles are limited in number, in such cases these roles can be performed by one and the same person. In this article, we are going to clear out the air and discuss what a business analyst does and how it is different from that of a project manager role.
In many companies where the resources are limited, it often happens that these two roles are played by the same person and this depends on the number of resources that each of these roles has and how they can make an impact on the overall project coordination and execution.
Each of these roles is often distinguished as a full-time effort and the merger of these two roles means that there can be an increased risk as well as the project quality can be compromised and the end product may not always be able to satisfy the client.
The business analyst role is very different and not mergeable with the project manager role in some situations, however, if the project permits and the scope is well defined then these two roles can be performed by the same person in some situations. This entirely depends on the situation that is at hand and how the risk factor affects the project. If the risk is low and mitigable then these roles are combined depending on the project size and cost otherwise these roles are better off performed when it is separated from each other.
Let’s have a side by side comparison of the two roles: Business Analyst VS Project Manager.
|A business analyst is a person who is responsible for discovering, analyzing and synthesizing information from a variety of sources within the enterprise.||A project manager is a person who has total responsibility for ensuring the project is completed on time, within the budget and the scope and at the desired performance level.|
|A business analyst is those who analyze the business process and suggest products and solutions to further strengthen the business.||A project manager is a person who deals with the proper execution of the project and ensures that the project is delivered to the client within the stipulated budget and time constraints.|
|A business analyst always interacts with clients and thus this is an open role.||The project manager may or may not interact with the client and this depends on the scope and the type of the project hence this is a closed role.|
|A business analyst can ensure that the customers actually use the product once it has been implemented.||Project managers ensure that the project is delivered on time within the limited budget, they ensure that the project is completed within the available resources.|
|A business analyst may or may not handle a team and this depends on the requirements.||A project manager always handles a team and makes sure the project resources are assigned the right tasks at hand.|
|The Business Analysts handles the business aspects of the project, this can include the business process to improve and may include coordination with the Project Manager||The Project manager handles the execution of the project and this involves, assigning the development tasks and resources for the timely completion of the project within the stipulated budget available as well as the resources available.|
|The business analyst defines the business process scope and suggests improvements and corrections boost business growth||The project manager deals with the proper execution of the business project for development purposes.|
|The business analyst handles the business scope of the project and deals with the implementation of the end product for the business.||The project manager deals with the overall development of the end project and deals with changes done to the project to satisfy the business model.|
So you see the roles for the Project manager and that of a Business Analyst(business analyst vs project manager) is very different from each other. One concentrates on the project aspects of the business and the other the client satisfaction part for the business. To sum up, there are instances that depend on the project scope where these roles are merged together to function as a single role, however, this approach increases the risk factor and can cause a decrease in the project execution quality.
Whatever your organizational roles are, the situation depends on the demands of the project for managerial purposes.