.Net vs Java

.Net vs Java

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As the time is changing, technologies are expanding. The priority as well as the needs and the importance of the technical languages are also changing. So, usually, for programmers it becomes difficult to pick when we have to choose between two languages.

Here we will be witnessing and seeing a battle between Java and Microsoft .Net in order to make this clear which language is better to choose. For that, we will discuss the major differences that exist between these languages:

Microsoft .net and Java are two of the most famous technologies with the help of which you can build software as well as websites and web apps. As both these languages are pretty much famous in their own place. So, it usually becomes difficult for business owners to decide to choose which language is best. In order to choose as a primary development tool to create intuitive applications, you must decide between these languages. With the help of both these technologies, you can create large-scale business applications and interfaces.

Before doing a comparison between these two languages, you should know about the applications that are created using either of the technologies. Yes! There is no doubt that in this piece of article, we are going to do the comparison here but our main motive is to make the businesses understand which option is much better for you according to their operational requirements.

The Major Differences between .Net vs Java

One of the major differences between Java and .Net is that Java, usually Java Enterprise Edition is able to work on any operating system. On the other hand, .Net is able to work only on various versions of the Windows environment or platform. Even if there is the open as well as the availability of open-source implementations of .Net, this framework still targets Windows users.
A new thing to discover about .Net

It’s mandatory and compulsory to tell you that Microsoft has just announced .Net core v3.0 which is the new as well as an improved version of .net Framework.

One of the good advantages of this .Net framework is: .Net core is both open-source and cross-platform.

Another major achievement that you get as a developer is that the .Net core is available with a number of new features that are really beneficial for a variety of applications of development. Namely web, cloud, and mobile applications.

But the reason behind why you need to understand and apprehend is the difference between these two is that .Net core does not support all of the features of .Net frameworks.

But it is always better to go for .Net core because of these following reasons:

.Net Core is an open-source as well as a freely available software framework so it becomes easy for the enterprises and developers as well individually to build apps with it.

Unlike the .Net framework, .Net Core is a cross-platform which supports three different operating systems- Windows, OSx, and Linux.

So, with the use of these enhanced features of the improved version of the .Net framework. And keeping this into consideration, let’s continue reading the main topic that is Java vs .Net.


Java Differences in Comparision to .NET


And when we talk about Java, it can be said that as this language takes the help of Java Virtual Machine.  This follows the main rule that is it can run on any device and under any operating system.  This ultimately proves itself as a portable platform-independent programming tool.

Here is one more major difference that this concept is related to using an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) that is mandatory for each platform. IDE is basically a software application or a tool that is having important tools for a developer so that they can build, code, create and test various different software applications. For .Net applications, there is the provision of using a default IDE and that is a visual studio, an amazing tool that can help to build various different apps.

On the other hand, there are four main IDEs for the Java developers that are available in the market and industry for Java. Those are Eclipse, IntelliJ Idea, Oracle NetBeans, and Oracle JDeveloper.


Key features of Java vs .Net


  • Language Support:

One of the major importance as well as the pivotal feature of Java is that it shares a single language across different platforms. But still, the programs written using this language is able to work independently across different OS types. Java is fully capable and is able to support languages like Python, Ruby, Groovy, Scala, and Kotlin.

On the other hand, .Net framework provides support for languages that are useful in backend development as well as web services, such as C# and C++. Presently it supports about 20 different languages. With the help of this feature, you can program in any language of your choices such as Vb.NET, C # .NET, Perl, and many more. But still, it is very useful for generating a particular structure of code for the Windows platform only.

So, it could be rightly said that .NET supports a multi-programming environment. On the other side, java is based on a single programming language that is helpful in supporting multiple operating systems.

  • IDE:

Talking about the Java IDE or software environment, it consists of a code editor, compiler, and debugger. Eclipse, IntelliJ Idea, Oracle NetBeans, and apart from this, in order to make writing and testing of the code easier, there is an Oracle Jdeveloper that is specifically designed for this purpose. These are the available IDEs for Java. They are also provided with inbuilt plugins and auto-fill options.  With the help of which Java’s flexibility could be a boost as well as offers scope for innovation.

On the other hand, the .Net platform is available with Visual Studio  IDE or software environment that helps in editing, compiling, and run-time customization for the behaviour of APIs. All of these provide the help of making use of library macros. Apart from this, there is no need for developers and programmers to evaluate the IDEs and other tools in advance.

  • Performance & Compatibility:

There is no need for Java for conversion to machine code until the program gets executed. And on the other side, .Net  code is first assembled and then run on the system. This is the major reason behind it why C# works better in a runtime environment.

The older versions of Java that are much older than Java7 are not able to support the easy and simplified data structure, switch case.

.Net is known for supporting switch cases provided for string variables in C# as well as native generic data. Linq (Language Integrated Query) is supported in ASP .NET but this feature is not supported in Java.

  • Security- .Net vs Java:

Security has always been a major concern for any open-source platform like Java as there is a lack of professional support.

On the other hand, .Net is an all in all platform, so its security is the responsibility of Microsoft, Microsoft fully backs .Net. It is efficient to offer all-time support for its enterprise clients.


Read More: Reasons why Java is still the most preferred Programming Language


Advantages and Disadvantages of .NET

One of the major advantages of the .Net platform is its unified environment offered by Microsoft. Using this platform of .Net, you can find endless horizontal scalability.  This is where you can get most of the IDEs as well as tools within the Microsoft Developer Network.

And talking about its main disadvantage which is that the support is only available for the Windows environment or platform

Overall, migration to .NET is much more expensive compared to any other different frameworks. In this framework, the codes that are managed run slower in comparison to the native code. And for new features as well as enhancements, developers and programmers depend only on Microsoft.

In short, it could be said that migration to .Net from any other framework is more expensive in comparison to other frameworks.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Java

One of the major advantages of Java is that it is portable and platform-independent. So you can easily choose the operating system according to your choice in order to build your app or website. Keeping each and everything in domain objects,  Java makes pings to the database-less often. As the Object-relational support is much better and fully supported.

Java apps are compatible with other platforms in a much better way compared to Microsofts support. With the help of using more advanced as well as continuous integration tools such as Jenkins and Travis CI. The Java community is growing strong and growing huge.
Even it is said by various developers that Java is slower in comparison to other languages. This is because of its multi-platform nature.


.Net vs Java

Dot net


Dot net is a proprietary technology owned by Microsoft Java is open source technology owned by Oracle
Cross-platform app development is somewhat supported using proprietary technology like Xamarin Java supports cross-platform development fully
Dot net is basically a platform for software development Java is a general programming language
The concept of object-oriented programming is supported Java also supports the concept of Object-oriented programming
Drag and drop components is supported Drag and drop components are not supported
You can use languages like C++, Asp.net, or C# for business logic You can only use Java language for business logic
Mobile app development is possible through Xamarin  Mobile app development is possible as it supports android.


Read More: Reasons to choose Asp. Net Core for Web Application Development



So you see the various similarities as well as differences between Java and .NET (.Net vs Java) is mentioned. Now you will be able to better select the language according to your preferences. If you are looking to hire .net developers or hire Java developers. Simply contact us at enquiry@nimapinfotech.com with your requirements.




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