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In this article, we are going to compare and contrast two different technologies designed to solve computing problems in its own league. We are going to compare Java with NodeJS. And see the similarities as well as the differences between these two technologies.
Java is a platform-independent language. Java is Object-oriented Language that is used for general purposes. It is a class-based language that uses a principle called “write once- run anywhere”. Programs that are written using Java are portable and that means that it can be run on any hardware and software using any underlying operating system.
Let’s discuss what makes Java so popular.
Java was developed and invented by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems. Much of the Java language’s syntax is derived from the C++ language. This is also a Class-based and object-oriented language. Java is shipped in the form of JDK (Java Development Kit) that includes many components required to run a Java program. However, not all components of JDK are compulsory for running Java. The latest version of Java is Java 11 that is released on 15th January 2019.
When the Java program is run for the very first time, it is converted into bytecode by the Java compiler and then this compiled bytecode is run and executed on any operating system that has a compatible JRE (Java Runtime Environment) installed and running on it. Thus the source code that is written in Java can be run and executed on any platform that is one of the most favored and biggest benefits offered by Java.
The only condition for the execution of Java programs is that an appropriate and compatible JRE must be installed on the required operating system that can be downloaded from the Java’s official website. A compiler will convert the Java source code into its appropriate bytecode, and the JVM(Java Virtual Machine) which is created inside the JRE(Java Runtime Environment) will convert the bytecode into its appropriate machine code.
Java has robust and extensive support for networking, concurrency and GUI (Graphic User Interface). There are numerous frameworks that are developed using Java. In the current context or background, Spring is the most widely used in the web development field which has a strong foundation that has been laid by Java.
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Server-side capabilities are provided in abundance for NodeJS, a developer can easily listen to and reply to HTTP requests on the computer, listen to the network traffic as well as at the same time can access the database from the computer directly.
Lets us see a head-to-head comparison between these two technologies (Java vs NodeJS):
Java is a class-based, object-oriented language that has features derived from C++
The applications created using Java are complex web-based and highly concurrent applications.
Using NodeJS you can create fast and scalable server-side applications.
Java is highly suited for complex web-based concurrency projects.
NodeJS is best suited for small-sized projects.
Java is used for messaging applications, that is highly concurrent.
Node JS is highly used when we need applications to be scalable and have a high performance
To run Java applications, you need to have JDK (Java Development Kit).
To run NodeJS applications you need to have archive files on the system.
Java dominates server-side interaction.
Developers can use the applications for both the client-side and the server-side.
There are many frameworks developed using Java such as Spring, Struts, JSF, Tapestry, and so on.
There are many frameworks developed using Node JS such as Express JS, SalesJS, and Partial JS.
Java is known to simplify application development using an Object-Oriented approach.
Node JS is more suited for applications like real-time collaborative drawing and edit features such as Google Docs.
Java is a brilliant option for building complex web applications that are highly concurrent. But NodeJS is ideal for small-sized projects.
Java requires the use of JDK that includes the Java compiler as well as the runtime environment in order to run Java on any machine. Node JS must be installed through installable archive files.
Java is heavily used for building complex web applications by using a framework already provided, whereas NodeJS is best suited for real-time collaboration drawing and editing applications such as Google Docs.
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Java uses the concept of multithreading whereas NodeJS does not have any such concept.
CPU intensive tasks that require a huge amount of computational power can be handled by Java whereas I/O bound operations such as real-time chats, media streaming and so on can be handled by NodeJS.
Java and NodeJS are two different technologies that are used for a variety of different things. From developing cross-compatible desktop applications to web applications, these leagues of the technologies are very different from each other. We hope that you liked this article and would have found it to be informative. If you’re looking to hire java developers or hire node JS developers for your project then do contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org. We have the most experienced and talented developers for onboarding for your projects.