Java vs C++ vs C
In summary, we are going to discuss the differences and similarities between the programming languages C, C++, And Java (Java vs C++ vs C)
Here are some of the pointers that you will find when you work with programming languages like C, C++, and Java.
Similarities and Differences of Java, C++and C.
- C is a procedural language,c++ is an object oriented language .Java is a pure object oriented language.
- We can create our own package in Java(set of classes) but not in c and c++.
- Internet programming like Frame, Applet is used in Java not in C, C++.
- Java uses compiler and interpreter but in C & C++ uses compiler only.
- We use multiple inheritances in C++ not in Java. In Java, we use Interface instead of multiple inheritances. In c there is no inheritance.
- C & C++ both are platform dependent which means you can’t run the execute code in any other operating system.Java is a platform independent language.
- In C we use stdio.h header file .In C++ we use iostream.h, conio.h header file but Java does not support any header files.
- Pointers are used in C and C++ language, but Java will not support for pointers.
- There is no Exception handling in C, but it supported by Java & C++.
- In C no overloading, In C++ supports overloading & in Java operator overloading not support.
- Storage classes: auto, extern are supported by C and C++, but in Java not supported.
- The Code of C Language is Converted into the Machine code after Compilation But in Java Code First Converted into the Bytes Codes then after it is converted into the Machine Code
- In C++ Multiple Inheritance is Possible but in java A Class Can not Inherit the features from the two classes, in other words java doesn’t support Multiple Inheritance The Concept of Multiple Inheritances is Introduced in the Form of Interfaces
- The use of import statement in Java for including the contents of screen instead of #include
- Java Doesn’t have Destructor like C++ Instead Java Has finalize Method
- Java will never support have Structure Union , enum data types
Direct Comparison of Java vs C++ vs C
|Programming Paradigm||Procedural language||Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)||Pure Object Oriented Oriented|
|Origin||The language is based on assembly language||Derived from the C language||Based on C and C++|
|Developer||Dennis Ritchie in 1972||Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979||James Gosling in 1991|
|Translator||Compiler only||Compiler only||Interpreted language (Compiler + interpreter)|
|Platform Dependency||Platform Dependent||Platform Dependent||Platform Independent|
|Code execution||Direct||Direct||Executed by JVM (Java Virtual Machine)|
|Approach||Top-down approach||Bottom-up approach||Bottom-up approach|
|File generation||.exe files||.exe files||.class files|
|Pre-processor directives||Support header files (#include, #define)||Supported (#header, #define)||Use Packages (import)|
|keywords||Support 32 keywords||Supports 63 keywords||50 defined keywords|
|Datatypes (union, structure)||Supported||Supported||Not supported|
|Inheritance||No inheritance||Supported||Supported except Multiple inheritance|
|Overloading||No overloading||Support Function overloading (Polymorphism)||Operator overloading is not supported|
|Allocation||Use malloc, calloc||Use new, delete||Garbage collector|
|Exception Handling||Not supported||Supported||Supported|
|Templates||Not supported||Supported||Not supported|
|Destructors||No constructor neither destructor||Supported||Not supported|
|Multithreading/ Interfaces||Not supported||Not supported||Supported|
|Database connectivity||Not supported||Not supported||Supported|
|Storage Classes||Supported ( auto, extern )||Supported ( auto, extern )||Not supported|
Also Read: Java Vs Python
Finally, you can see the differences and similarities of (Java vs C++ vs C) that we have listed down here. When it comes to application development, each of these languages is self-sufficient in designing applications for the desktop platform. If you enjoyed this blog then do check out our other topics as well. You can hire java developer in Dubai.