fbpx The title of the page

Java Vs Python: Know Which One to Choose in 2021

Java

Java is a computer programming language, most popularly used in the development of Android smartphone applications. It was first released by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in the year 1995 and later acquired by Oracle Corporation. It is the most fundamental language that produces software for multiple programs. Initially, it was designed to have a feel of C++ but later with its multiple-use and extra benefits, it became much simpler and popular than C++.

If you follow the basic definition, Java is a general-purpose computer programming language that is class-based object-oriented and concurrent in use. Meaning, with the use of Java you can execute many statements at the same time instead of sequentially executing it. Using Java, the computation can be advanced without waiting for all the other computations to complete. It is also an independent programming language following the logic of “Write once, Run anywhere” i.e. the compiled Java code can run on all the platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation Python.

 

Python

Python, on the other hand, is another great general-purpose programming language used for a variety of wide applications. Python’s high-level built-in data structures, combined with dynamic typing and dynamic binding, make it very attractive for Rapid Application Development. This feature of Python makes you construct and enable clear programming on both the simple as well as the most complex applications and website. With no lot of syntax and easy readability quality, Python code is much easier than the other programming languages. Which on the subsidiary makes its maintenance and development cost of programming very less.

Python code of programming supports all the use of modules and packages. This feature of Python give its program the vulnerability to design in modular style and can be reused across a variety of projects. Being an interpreted language unlike other programming languages its written code does not get translated in the computer-readable format at runtime.

 

History of Java:

Here, are important landmarks for Java language

  • The Java language was initially called OAK. Originally, developed for handling portable devices and the development of different set-top boxes. Oak was a massive failure.
  • In 1995, Sun the owner and inventor of Java changed the name to “Java” and modified the language
  • Later, in 2009, Oracle Corporation acquired Sun Microsystems and took ownership and responsibility of maintaining of three key Sun software assets: Java, MySQL, and Solaris.

History of Python:

Here, are important landmarks for Python language

  • Python was first conceived  and the idea used in the late 1980s, but its implementation and usage started only in December 1989
  • invented in the Netherlands, by programmer Guido van Rossum.
  • Rossum published the first version of Python (0.9.0) in February 1999
  • It was derived different qualities from ABC programming language, which is a general-purpose programming language.
  • Nowadays, Python is maintained by a core development team dedicated to Python development although Rossum still plays a vital role in directing its progress.

 

Difference Between Java and Python(Java vs Python):

Java vs Python - Nimap Infotech

Why need Python?

  • Very simple syntax when you directly compared to Java, C and C++ languages.
  • Used for Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and many hot technologies as well as the general overarching AI field. Very useful in data analysis as well as visualization.
  • Extensive library and handy tools that are available for developers
  • Python is cross-compatible
  • Python has its auto-installed shell
  • Compared with the code of other languages, python code is easy to write as well as easy to debug. Therefore, its source code is relatively easy to maintain and extend.
  • Python is a portable language designed for portability so that it can run on a wide variety of Operating systems and platforms.
  • It comes with many prebuilt libraries, that developers can use which makes your development task easy.
  • Python helps you to make complex programming tasks much simpler. As it internally deals with memory addresses, garbage collection.
  • Python provides an interactive shell used for scripting purposes that helps you to test things before it’s the actual implementation.
  • Python offers database interfaces and supports all major commercial DBMS systems.
  • Supports imperative as well as  functional programming
  • Python is popular for its use in IoT.

Features of Java:

Here are the important features of Java.

  • Write code once and run or execute it on almost any computing platform
  • It is designed for the building and development of object-oriented applications.
  • It is a multithreaded language that provides automatic memory management
  • Facilitates distributed computing because of its network-centric orientation

Features of Python:

Here, are important features of Python

  • Easy to learn, read, as well as maintain
  • It can run on various hardware platforms and can be using the same interface.
  • Developers can include low-level modules or components to the Python interpreter.
  • Python offers and provides ideal structure as well as support for large programs.
  • Python provides support for automatic garbage collection.
  • It supports an interactive mode of testing and enables debugging too.
  • It offers high-level data types that are dynamic and also provides supports dynamic type checking.
  • Python language also can be used for integration with Java, C, and C++ programming code.
  • Write code once and enable to run it on almost any computing platform available

Disadvantages of Java:

Here, are the cons/drawbacks of using the Java language

  • JIT compiler makes the program and development comparatively slow.
  • Java has high memory as well as processing requirements. Therefore, hardware cost increases.
  • It does not provide support for low-level programming constructs such as pointers. this is because for enabling memory security developers cannot handle memory control
  • Developers don’t have any control over garbage collection as well as Java does not offer functions like delete(), free().

Disadvantages of Python:

Here, are the cons/drawbacks of using the Python language

  • Used in fewer platforms for development and design.
  • Python is interpreted, so it’s going to be much slower than its counterparts.
  • Weak in mobile computing, hence not majorly  used in app development
  • Science Python is dynamic, more errors  can creep and show up at run-time
  • The underdeveloped and primitive database access layer is present
  • Absence of commercial support for usage

 

Read More: Python Mobile Development: When And Why to Build Your App?

 

Python vs Java: Who is the best?

Python is an ideal choice for many developers who are beginners as the language is more intuitive, and its syntax is very much similar and identical to the English language. Its open-source nature provides and facilitates many new tools and techniques that improve it.

On the other hand, Java is designed from the ground up as a  general-purpose programming language.  It was designed with a specific goal of allowing developers to write once run anywhere.

The selection for the usage of one language among these ultimately boils and comes down to the nature as well as the cost of the development project. In our quest to find the best Language Java VS python, we can say that it all boils down to preferences and needs. What you are trying to achieve using the language or platform.

 

Also Read: Advantages of Java and Disadvantages of Java

 

Hire Python Developer/Hire Java Developer for App Development

 

Conclusion:

Thus after going through the above conversation, we can say, both Java and Python are rich programming languages. According to the need of your application, choose the language you to find the best features for your desired application. Compare the features of both Java and Python(Java vs Python) from above accordingly to choose the best programming language for your application. 

 

Read More
nimap February 1, 2019 0 Comments

Collections Class in Java

Content writer: Suman Chauhan

Collections in Java

A Collection in simple terms means when a group of similar things, often a group created by someone is known as a collection. A collection when collected works like a container – it groups multiple similar elements into a single unit. Forming a natural group they can be stored, modify, redeem, recover and communicate aggregate data.

Java provides a collection framework defining several groups and interfaces to represent groups of objects as a single unit. Collection framework is one of the central and fundamental parts of Java programming language.

What Is Collection In Java

Collection in Java represents a single unit of the group. Using Java collection you can perform all the operations on the data like searching, sorting, inserting, manipulation, deletion, etc.

What is a framework in Java

A framework or software framework is the platform used for developing software applications. They are the large collected bodies of prewritten codes to which you add your own code in specific domains. It helps you dictate the structure of your application, by calling its methods, and inheritance.

Framework specializes classes to invoke the single method or procedures. It employs an inverted flow of control between itself and its clients. Using framework one can implement the call back functions, specialized classes, and interfaces.

What Is Collection Framework?

Java collection framework provides you with the complete architecture of objects. Java frameworks group of objects includes  – classes, interfaces, and algorithm.

Java Collections
Java Collections

Class – Everything in Java is associated with classes and objects. Being a user-defined blueprint, a class in simple terms represents the data structure which is used again and again. It helps in creating objects. A class represents the common attributes and properties to the objects of one type.

Interface – Interface is the blueprint of class, specifying what a class should do. The interface in Java refers to an abstract “class” that is used to group related methods with “empty” bodies.

Algorithm – Algorithm refers to the process and the set of rules used to perform the operations such as searching and sorting.

Methods Of Collection Interface

Before learning about the methods of collection interface, you should first know what Collection Interface means. Collection Interface defines the most common methods that are applicable to any collection of the object.

There come various methods of Collection Interface, which are:

Methods of Collection Interface
Methods of Collection Interface

Iterator Interface in Java

Iterators are one of the predefined interfaces that are present in the java.util.*package. Iterator Interface’ main purpose is to provide the facility of iterating or extracting the elements of the collection in the only forward direction.

It Java collection it takes the place of Enumerations. By default, an object of the iterator is pointed out just before the first collection of any framework collection variable.

Read also,

Angular 5 Vs React JS

How to develop an app for android?

Methods of Iterator Interface

Public boolean hasNext()

This method returns the true value if iteration has more elements in it, otherwise, false.

Public object next()

It helps you retrieve the next element of any collection framework.

remove()

This method helps you remove the last element returned by the iterator.

List Interface

It is a child interface of Collection, possessing an index-based method to insert and delete elements in it. It is helpful in declaring the behavior of a collection which stores a sequence of elements.

In its ordered collection of objects, it can store the duplicate values. List Interface is implemented by Array List, Linked List, Vector and Stack classes.

Java ArrayList

Array List being a part of collection framework helps you provide dynamic arrays in Java. It is slower than the other standard arrays but is very helpful in programs, where lots of manipulation in the array is required.

As the Java ArrayList class is non-synchronized, it is helpful in maintaining the insertion order.

Java LinkedList

LinkedList is way too different than the ArrayLists. Their structure of elements is not stored in contiguous locations. Each element of LinkedList is a separate object with a data part and address part. Due to this quality, they are preferred more than the Arrays.

Java LinkedList class is used as a list, stack or queue. However, Java LinkedList manipulation is fast because it requires no shifting needs.

Looking to,

Hire Java Developers

Highly Skilled Professional, dedicated Java Developers

Get free Quote Enquiry Now !!!

Read More
nimap January 12, 2019 0 Comments