Flutter vs Xamarin: A Developer’s Perspective

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For the past few years, the mobile industry has gone under some tremendous changes and outstanding growth especially when it comes to software development. As pointed out by Statista Reports, at any given point in time there were more than 2 billion smartphone users in the world, and this number has been estimated to be increased to over 5 billion by the end of 2022. Out of these smartphones, almost 100% of the devices run on 3 platforms, Android developed by Google, iOS developed by Apple and Windows Mobile developed by Microsoft.

For some time being, mobile application developers depended on the platform-specific tools in order to develop native applications, these applications could run only on a single platform. For example, Kotlin or Java is used for developing Android Native apps, while Objective-C, as well as Swift, is used for developing iOS specific apps.

 

Native Mobile App Development ShortComings.

Traditional mobile app development has always been slow and expensive because the business has to develop a separate app for each individual platform and has different development teams each with individual skills for each toolkit. Today we have the availability of cross-platform mobile development toolkits that help the companies businesses reduce the time taken to develop, the maintenance costs as well as to reach more users. In simple words, cross-platform mobile development simply means creating mobile applications that run on more than one platform. There have been several cross-platform frameworks available to programmers and developers today including the Intel XDK, Cordova, Xamarin and Flutter to name a few. By comparing the features being offered, the strengths, and the drawbacks of each, we can help to decide which framework is best suited for the job, and when to use one over the other.

 

Overview of the Flutter and Xamarin Frameworks

Xamarin has been one of the leading open source cross-platform development technologies that are run by Microsoft. It makes use of the C# language to develop mobile apps for Android, iOS and Windows Mobile platforms. Xamarin allows developers to access native Android and iOS APIs and provides a shared C# code base as well as app testing across the devices via the Xamarin Testing Cloud. Xamarin was invented way back in 2011 by the developers behind the Mono which used CLI (Common Language Infrastructure) as well as the Common Language Specification known as Microsoft .NET. Microsoft later acquired Xamarin in 2016 and made Xamarin SDK an open source platform, which then became an integral part of the Xamarin Visual Studio IDE. Developers also need knowledge of iOS and Android besides C#.

 

Recommended Reading: Flutter In Mobile App Development

 

Flutter is also an Open Source as well as a free cross-platform tool that has been developed by Google that allows developers to create high performance native mobile applications for Android as well as iOS. The framework makes use of the Dart programming language as well as the light C++ engine. It provides a single code base similar to Xamarin. The framework offers API’s. The framework also offers APIs and SDKs for 2D rendering, painting as well as simulation gestures, and allows the use of existing Swift, Objective C, and Java Code. It comes equipped with Machine Design Widgets that is a Google Product.

 

Xamarin and Flutter Comparison:

Even though Flutter is relatively new in the mobile development with its beta version launched in January 2018, the Flutter Cross Development Framework has triggered some discussions across the mobile development community. Compared with Xamarin, different experts have contrasting opinions on the two popular frameworks.

 

Related: React Native Vs Flutter

 

Currently, Xamarin is more popular among developers as 7.2% Stack OverFlow 2018 survey respondents said that they use Xamarin, and Microsoft claims to have around 1.4 million Xamarin Engineers while Flutter has not made it to the list at all. The Flutter community is not yet large enough yet compared to Xamarin. However, engineers do recognize Flutter as a budding alternative to Xamarin

 

Portability

Flutter is aimed at iOS and Android development, on the other hand, Xamarin is aimed at Android, iOS, Windows platforms as well as macOS apps. Xamarin’s bigger ecosystem gives it an advantage over Flutter. The fact that Flutter apps are not portable to the Windows Platform is not a large shortcoming as Statista recent survey claims that approximately 98.5 % of Smartphones today run either Android or iOS. Xamarin can be a one size fits all framework when you want to develop apps for Windows Mobile.

 

Flutter is not compatible with 32 bit OS devices, so if you’re planning to develop apps for the older phones such as the iPhone 5, Xamarin could be a better choice.

Let’s Compare Xamarin and Flutter Side By Side:

Flutter Vs Xamarian

Flutter Vs Xamarian

Conclusion:

We have seen the features and benefits of each of the cross-platform. We have also analyzed which Framework works best for which situation as well as the pros and cons of each. If you are looking to hire Xamarin developers to develop your mobile app or if you’re looking to hire Flutter developers to develop your mobile app, do contact us. We shall be glad to assist you in your mobile software development task.

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nimap June 25, 2019 0 Comments

Flutter in Mobile App Development – Pros & Cons for App Owners

Often it happens that technology is invented to overcome the programming and platform limitations that exist in a certain technology. There have been many technological advances each having its own pros and con for superseding the platform limitations that exist for a certain technology.

In this article, we are going to have a look at such a technology that has been invented to overcome cross-platform limitations as well as cost restrictions that exist when developing apps that are compatible across many platforms.
We are going to have a look at the technology named Flutter that allows developers to develop mobile apps across cross-platform devices namely iOS and Android devices that have a single code base and framework. This is the latest technology being introduced by Google at the Google IO developer conference 2018.
Let’s get to the introduction of Flutter. Then we will discuss the benefits, its pros and cons as well as further developments

Introduction to Flutter?

Flutter is Google’s mobile application development kit that can be used to develop mobile apps that run on cross-platform devices such as iOS, Android as well as Google Fuchsia devices. Google Fuchsia is a new platform being developed by Google.
There have been many programming hours being put into the development of Flutter
It is capable of the following features:
Major parts of the engine to improve performance
Full support for development on the Windows Platform
Tooling support for the Android Studio and Visual Studio code
Support is provided for Firebase APIs
Support for inline videos, adds, and charts

Lets us go through some more features:

Flutter is a free and open source
It uses the C++ rendering engine
It is based on the Dart Programming Language
Provides its own widgets
Architecture is based on reactive programming

Let us see how

Flutter succeeds at cross-platform development:
Google Development kit allows developers to develop 2D mobile apps. It can be used to develop full-featured mobile apps including support for cameras, geolocation, storage, network and more. If at all you need to build impressive branded designs or stock platform apps, then a cross-platform framework like Flutter is well suited for the task.

Mobile Application development using Flutter:

Currently, there are few mobile app development use cases that actually use Flutter to develop apps.
Google has itself used Flutter to develop the Adwords app which assists advertisers and keeps track of ad buys. The Alibaba mobile app is also built using this toolkit. Alibaba is China’s biggest E-commerce company and resembles Amazon.

There have also been some mobile apps that have been developed using Flutter but are not as popular as Google’s Adwords or Alibaba. For example, the official mobile app for Hamilton, the Broadway Musical. The Hamilton mobile app features daily lotteries, exclusive videos and news, a merchandise store, a trivia game, and more. Coach Yourself, a meditation app that has been developed for the German Market. One more mobile app is the Abbey Roads Studio’s Topline app (a recording service that captures song ideas) is also built using Flutter.

We have seen flutter as being a lot of value for the developer community as well as to app owners who want to streamline the development process. Let’s discuss the pro’s and con’s of this framework

Pro’s / Advantages

Flutter has a number of advantages that gives it an edge in the development of apps.
Let us take a look at the advantages offered by the Flutter framework to mobile app developers and business owners.

Hot Reload:

One of the greatest thing about Flutter is its capability to Hot Reload. Developers can see all the changes they have made to the code right away in the app. It takes just seconds to see the changes, teams can quickly add new features, fix bugs and experiment. Hot reload facilitates better collaboration between designers and developers when they want to improve how the app looks and check the effects immediately.

Cross Platform Development:

Using cross-platform capabilities, there is no need to build separate mobile apps for different platforms. You can just build one mobile app, use the same code base for two mobile applications. Besides cross-platform development, Flutter gives you a head start in developing for the Fuchsia platform also. Fuchsia is an experimental platform in development at Google. This is a new platform that experts tout that it is going to be a replacement for the Android platform

Perfect for an MVP

If you want to show your product or mobile app to investors as soon as possible, you can build the Flutter mobile application that would give a native look on both the Android and iOS Application.
Thus you can give your investors a clear idea of how your MVP would look like. Developing two separate apps would take much more time and money.

Less Code:

The programming language that Flutter uses is Dart. Dart is a language that is object-oriented and is strongly typed. Flutter resembles a lot like React Native, its programming style is similar to reactive and declarative Flutter does not use JavaScript bridge, so this improves app startup times and overall performance. Dart is able to achieve this thanks to AOT or ahead of time compilation.
Dart also makes use of Just in time compilation. JIT compilation with Flutter improves the development workflow by allowing for a hot reload capability in order to refresh the UI during development. It eliminates the need for an entirely new build.
Flutter is designed from the ground up to code less for any functionality. When there is less code means there will be fewer bugs.

Widgets:

Widgets are necessary for any app’s view and an interface. They must have a natural look and feel irrespective of the screen size. They also must be fast, customizable and extensible. Flutter takes everything’s-a-widget approach. It has a rich set of widgets and extensive capabilities for creating complex widgets. In Flutter, widgets are not only used for views but used for entire screens as well as for the app itself.

Access to Native Features:

Some of the platform-specific features such as access to camera and geolocation require access to native features. These functions need to be implemented by means of native language, and Flutter provides you with the feel of developing on the native language. Flutter allows developers to use their existing Java, Objective-C or Swift code to access native features and SDKs on Android and iOS

Official Support:

Because Flutter is developed by Google, there is a big name associated with it. These are awesome support from the Materials Design Team and a community of over 1000 developers willing to contribute to the growth of this framework

Easy to setup:

Flutter is easy to set up and to start coding on low-end machines. Developers need not worry about the operating system not being able to handle Flutter. On the contrary, Flutter doesn’t require a power machine.

Cons:

The framework is relatively young, and it is still growing and developing. The toolkit has its limitations. Let’s look at them.

Mobile only:

Flutter only caters to mobile apps, web browsers are still not supported by Flutter. When you get to choose the technology stack you want to work with, this can influence your decision. If you’re looking for Maximum Device Flexibility, then Flutter may not be for you.

 

Limited Libraries:

Google supports Flutter and there are many helpful libraries. However, the framework is relatively new, and you won’t find every functionality you are looking for. Native apps, on the other hand, have everything under their belt, including Stripe and Twilio and most streaming services such as Wowza and UStream, with Flutter developers would have to build these libraries themselves, which is time-consuming.

 

Continuous Integration:

There are ready-made solutions that are available for Native Android and iOS apps that allow them to work with CI platforms like Travis and Jenkins. There are also ready-made Flutter solutions for most popular CI platforms such as Travis and Circle. However, you need to set up the toolkit for these kinds of platforms. Travis can be used in a number of Repos.

 

Limited TV Support:

If you were thinking of building an app with this framework can run on Android TV or Apple TV, then the answer is more no then yes. There is practically no support for this kind of apps on Android TV or Apple TV

 

ALSO, CHECK: Mobile Application Development Services

How much does it cost to build an app with Flutter?

It takes about 250 hours to develop an average app in Flutter that will work on both iOS and Android, whereas it takes about 400 hours to develop such an app for iOS and about 250 hours to build an average app for Android. To find out how much it costs to build an app with Flutter, you can multiply the number of hours by the hourly rate of your developers. You will be able to see that developing for both the platforms separately is timely and requires lots of resources. If you want to build an app with Flutter quickly and swiftly as well as save money, then you need to choose cross-platform development rather than choosing to develop two native apps.

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nimap June 19, 2019 0 Comments

React Native vs Flutter

React native vs flutter.

Mobile applications today is the leading factor for many of the business companies. In today’s business, the world of competition has become online. With a good mobile application, you can reach your business to a large number of customers.

And that’s the reason why there’s a large number of competition running in the world of mobile applications. With the continuous development in the world of business every day many people come carrying new ideas with them.

If someday you come up with a new idea which you think can bring a change in your business the first thing you’ll think of is developing a splendid mobile application.

To share your ideas with the public and get them to buy your products and services. Since there’s a huge competition running across the world every day we come up with one or the other new application.

We really need to think about its development, time and budget on which an app is created. Where programming language plays the most basic role it is the ultimate successor of applications.

Check the React native vs Flutter difference below:

React Native

React Native being an open source framework released in 2015 is cross-platform. For developing real and native rendering mobile applications React Native was created. With the development of this, it became easy for web developers to design mobile applications.

Earlier due to different mobile operating systems we have to build separate teams for designing separate application programs for both Android and iOS. However, the development of React Native introduced cross-platform. Meaning we can use more than one language for our programming code. React Native applications are a mixture of JavaScript and XML-esque markup, known as JSX. Supporting both Android and iOS it carries the potential to expand to the future platforms. Use of react native makes the coding language easy to understand while it also reduces its complex structure of size.  

These programming languages playing the role of business solutions give the business solution to your companies. And the greatest advantage they provide is, with a single team and single code base it allows you to manage both the iOS and Android applications.

Flutter

  • On the other hand with the recent invention, our techno world is surprised by another new programming language called Flutter. It is a technology app designed by Google, recently launched in May 2017.
  • Written in the ‘Dart’ programming language, it makes relatively very easy for programmers if they want to move completely towards Android or iOS apps.
  • Giving advanced features to the programming by making use of many of the languages.  
  • Flutter’s mobile SDK is meant for designing high-performance mobile apps for iOS and Android using a single code.

“Read also, Top 15 Strong Reasons to Choose React Native

 

What Actually Flutter Is

  • What’s special and unique with Flutter is that it does not make use of any text tag that is popular with the internet.
  • React native uses HTML, CSS and JavaScript, however, flutter based on a single code base is going to produce both iOS and Android apps.
  • Being an open source UI framework it lets mobile app developers build native apps on both Android as well as on iOS. It helps make Flutter become fast and very quick in building apps.
  • For this, they are not using any popular language like JavaScript, C++, etc.  

The Most Important Features And Benefits Of Using Flutter:

High Performance

For writing mobile applications code Flutter uses Google’s own language called Dart. Dart being an object-oriented language helps you contribute to the efficiency and effectiveness of any app development flow. Like other languages, Dart includes features like async-await, generics, strong typing and a rich library supporting effective development. With its exceptional “tree shaking” compiler, it records only the code which is required for your app. its high-performance activity apps designed by flutter can be shared across the web as well as mobile platforms.

Hot Reloading  

  • With this feature in the flutter, any changes made by the designers will be instantly visible to the developers.
  • It helps you bridge the gap between developers and designers to help them collaborate better. Also further helps in improving the rate at which the app is developed.
  • Flutter application helps developers quickly build UI’s, add new features and fix bugs if any.

Must Read: ReactJS Vs React Native

Expressive and Flexible Designs

It comes with a modern reactive framework along with many rich sets of widgets, animation libraries, and layered extensible architecture.

Access Native features and SDK’s

It makes your app livelier with platform API’s, 3rd party SDK’s, and native code. It allows you to reuse your existing Java, Swift and Object C code and access native features and SDK on iOS and Android.

Creates High-Quality Experiences

In the comparison between React native vs Flutter, Flutter creates superior experiences across devices and platforms with portable GPU-accelerated renderer and high performance, native ARM code runtime.

Difference Between React Native and Flutter

 

 

React Native VS Flutter | React native vs flutter

React Native VS Flutter

Conclusion

  •  React native vs Flutter, both React Native and Flutter have their own plus and minus’ but both are actively good if looked at the features they’re providing.
  • However, React Native being an older framework is quite popular with its stability and developing time.
  • Flutter on the flip is good with the start-ups due to its easy UI and performance. However with the coming time flutter with its new features too will be more popular in the world of mobile app development.
  • So if you are curious to develop your next project with React Native frameworks, then this is the right time to start with. You can also Hire React Native developers from a reliable app development company like Nimap Infotech.

Looking to Hire React Native Developers

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nimap January 25, 2019 0 Comments
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