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In this article we are going to compare as well as contrast two major technologies, that is NodeJS and Python. Let’s us jump right into the basics:
1) What is NodeJS and What is Python?
Before we start discussing the basics of these technologies and platforms, we need to clarify what exactly these are that we are comparing.
Lets us deep dive into the breakdown of these technologies.
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2) The advantages provided by Python to developers is as follows:
Python is very friendly to junior developers and inexperienced developers.
Python is a very beginner-friendly language. This is why it is much likely to be the most popular introductory language in US universities. Major mistakes made by junior developers in some frameworks are easily forgivable, and they are less of a hindrance moving forward in development.
Most of the Python frameworks do not require a very high skill level from the developer’s point of view.
A very good example of this is the Django framework, that has a mature ecosystem and allows you to write quality code swiftly.
Python is more versatile as well as universal
Python can be used for desktop app development, and all the credit goes to electronJS, the main use case that is favorable to node js is the web. The applications of Python have known to go far beyond the web.
Python is the main candidate to become the next level programming language for data science. This is a great asset to system administrators because it allows them to write small one-off scripts and on top of that it provides large system admin tools such as Ansible
A good example that has used Python is Dropbox, one of the most common desktop apps written in Python.
Python is simpler as well as easy to use, better documented and better covered.
This is proven to give Python an edge over NodeJS, even after both technologies are admittedly fast to write in.
This situation has been improved over the years. But it is still a long way off from Python where CPython being a single implementation that is used in a vast majority of Python projects.
3) The advantages of Node JS are as follows
Node JS developers are more flexible
The development environment of NodeJS is less opinionated
Numerous NodeJS packages are simple, single-purpose libraries and micro frameworks that force the developers to make conscious decisions on what to use them for and when.
This makes NodeJS much more demanding. It requires a high level of advancement on the developer’s front than what it takes to generate code in Python on top of Django using built-in solutions for ORM, cache abstraction, and so on.
Using the same language for the entire project removes the risks from the equation. You can also share a part of the code with the front and the back ends. This is a huge benefit to not having to do the same thing twice.
You may also like to know more: 10 Reasons that Make Node.js a Top Choice for Web Application Development
In the beginning, the language was constructed haphazardly, and it has been struggling with issues caused with its older versions as well as the compatibility issues that bring with it.
So many developers have turned to the language in such a short period of time that it has been pretty difficult to keep up with the latest updates in the languages
The swift and rapidly grown happening to the language also brings another problem with it. This problem is that there is no proper and detailed documentation for these libraries that have been coming up for Node JS. This results in the poor quality of programs for Node JS programs.
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5) Main aspects to consider
Here are 3 main aspects that shed light on the different aspect of the story, this will help you to make an important decision:
Python has been a major player in Machine Learning applications in the field of data science and it provides tested libraries for ML
MicroPython-a lighter and smaller version of Python can be run with much less resources and less power thus making it a perfect fit for IoT devices.
On the other hand NodeJS is much more comfortable to be used in the Internet of Things (IoT)
Speed and Performance
One major drawback of Node JS is its inability to multitask., It cannot do many things at the same time unless you write very well code for it. Both Python and NodeJS pretend to do a lot of stuff at once, but Python applications tend to use a much simpler and traditional multiprocessing model approach instead of a more advanced asynchronous paradigm.
When written correctly, your software will send information to the Operating system that it needs to perform a certain task and move on, while the system works on that. But if you did not code the application efficiently, the app will wait for the system to complete the task and does not do anything in the meantime.
Recommended reading: Ruby vs Python
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